INTJ: Introversion, iNtuition, Thinking, Judging

At their best

People with INTJ preferences have a clear vision of future possibilities coupled with the drive and organisation to implement their ideas. They love complex challenges and readily synthesise complicated theoretical and abstract matters. They create a general structure and devise strategies to achieve their goals.

INTJs value knowledge and expect competence of themselves and others. They especially abhor confusion, mess, and inefficiency.

How others may see them

INTJs usually don’t directly express their most valued and valuable part: their creative insights. Instead, they translate them into logical decisions. Because of this, others sometimes experience INTJs as intractable, much to the surprise of the INTJ, who is very willing to change an opinion when new evidence emerges. Others usually see INTJs as:

  • Private, reserved, hard to know, even aloof
  • Conceptual, original, and independent

Characteristics of INTJs

INTJs see things from a global perspective and quickly relate new information to overall patterns. They trust their insightful connections regardless of established authority or popular opinions. Dull routine smothers their creativity. INTJs use their Intuition primarily internally, where they develop complex structures and pictures of the future. They are likely to be:

  • Insightful, creative synthesisers
  • Conceptual, long-range thinkers

INTJs use their thinking to make logical decisions. They assess everything with a critical eye, quickly identify problems to solve, and are tough and decisive when the situation calls for toughness. INTJs tend to be:

  • Clear and concise
  • Rational, detached, and objectively critical

INTJs are excellent long-range planners and often rise to positions of leadership in groups or organisations. They are independent, trust their own perceptions and judgments more than those of others, and apply their high standards of knowledge and competence most rigorously to themselves.

Potential areas for growth

Sometimes life circumstances have not supported INTJs in the development and expression of their Thinking and Intuitive preferences.

  • If they have not developed their Thinking, INTJs may not have reliable ways to translate their valuable insights into achievable realities.
  • If they have not developed their Intuition, they may not take in enough information or take in information that fits their insights. Then they may make ill-founded decisions based on limited or idiosyncratic information.

If INTJs do not find a place where they can use their gifts and be appreciated for their contributions, they usually feel frustrated and may:

  • Become aloof and abrupt, not giving enough information about their internal processing
  • Be critical of those who do not see their vision quickly Become single-minded and unyielding in pursuing it

It is natural for INTJs to give less attention to their non-preferred Sensing and Feeling parts. If they neglect these too much, however, they may

  • Overlook details or facts that do not fit into their Intuitive patterns
  • Engage in “intellectual games,” quibbling over abstract issues and terms that have little meaning or relevance to others
  • Not giving enough weight to the impacts of their decisions on individuals
  • Not giving as much praise or intimate connection as others desire

Under great stress, INTJs can overindulge in Sensing activities-watching TV reruns, playing cards, overeating or become overly focused on specific details in their environment that they normally do not notice or usually see as unimportant.

Where you focus your attention: Introversion

People who prefer Introversion tend to focus on their own inner world and experiences. They direct their attention inward and receive energy from their internal thoughts, feelings and reflections.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Introversion:

  • Drawn to their inner worlds
  • Prefer to communicate by writing
  • Learn best by reflection, mental “practice”
  • Depth of interest
  • Tend to reflect before acting or speaking
  • Private and contained
  • Focus readily

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Like quiet for concentration.
  • Tend to be careful with details, dislike sweeping statements.
  • Have trouble remembering names and faces, tend not to mind working on one project for a long time uninterruptedly.
  • Are interested in the idea behind their job.
  • Dislike telephone intrusions and interruptions.
  • Like to think a lot before they act, sometimes without acting.
  • Work contentedly alone.
  • Have some problems communicating.

How you take in information: iNtuition

People who prefer Intuition like to take in information by seeing the big picture, focusing on the relationship and connections between facts.

They want to grasp patterns and are especially good at seeing new possibilities and different ways of doing things.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Intuition:

  • Focus on “big picture” possibilities
  • Value imaginative insight
  • Abstract and theoretical
  • See patterns and meaning in facts
  • Look to the future
  • Jump around, leap in anywhere
  • Trust inspiration

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Like solving new problems.
  • Dislike doing the same thing repeatedly.
  • Enjoy learning a new skill more than using it.
  • Work in bursts of energy powered by enthusiasm, with slack periods in between.
  • Reach a conclusion quickly.
  • Are impatient with routine details.
  • Are patient with complicated situations.
  • Follow their inspirations, good or bad.
  • Frequently make errors of fact.
  • Dislike taking time for precision.

How you make decisions: Thinking

People who prefer to use Thinking in decision making tend to look at the logical consequences of a choice or action. They try to remove themselves mentally from a situation to examine it objectively and analyse cause and effect. Their goal is an objective standard of truth and the application of principles. Their strengths include figuring out what is wrong with something so they can apply their problem-solving abilities.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Thinking:

  • Analytical
  • Logical problem-solving
  • Use cause-and effect-reasoning
  • “Tough-minded”
  • Strive for impersonal, objective truth
  • Reasonable
  • Fair

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Do not show emotion readily and are often uncomfortable dealing with people’s feelings.
  • May hurt people’s feelings without knowing it.
  • Like analysis and putting things into logical order.
  • Can get along without harmony.
  • Tend to decide impersonally, sometimes paying insufficient attention to people’s wishes.
  • Need to be treated fairly.
  • Are able to reprimand people or fire them when necessary.
  • Are more analytically-oriented, respond more easily to people’s thoughts.
  • Tend to be firm minded.

How you orient toward the outer world: Judging

People who prefer to use their Judging process in the outer world tend to live in a planned, orderly way, wanting to regulate and control life. They make decisions, implement them, and move on. Their lifestyle as structured and organised and they like to have things settled. Sticking to a plan and schedule is very important to them and they enjoy their ability to get things done.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Judging:

  • Scheduled
  • Organised
  • Systematic
  • Methodical
  • Like to Plan
  • Like completion – to have things decided
  • Avoid last minute stresses

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Work best when they can plan their work and follow the plan.
  • Like to get things settled and finished.
  • May decide things too quickly.
  • May dislike to interrupt the project they are on for a more urgent one.
  • May not notice new things that need to be done.
  • Want only the essentials needed to begin their work.
  • Tend to be satisfied once they reach a judgement on a thing, situation, or person.