ENFJ: Extraversion, iNtuition, Feeling, Judging

At your best

People with ENFJ preferences are highly attuned to others, using empathy to quickly understand emotional needs, motivations, and concerns. Their focus is on supporting others and encouraging their growth. ENFJs are friendly persuaders who can often build consensus among people whose interests and motives are quite diverse. They often act as catalysts, including everyone and drawing out the best in others. They can be inspiring leaders as well as loyal followers.

How others may see you

ENFJs are energetic, enthusiastic, and very aware of others. Their genuine interest can usually draw out and involve even the most reserved person. They listen to and support others but also have very definite values and opinions of their own, which they will express.

Clearly ENFJs are energised by people and are socially adept; however, they also have a strong need for authentic, intimate relationships. They bring great enthusiasm and intensity to creating and maintaining these.

ENFJs like their lives to be organised and will work to bring closure to ambiguous relationships or situations. However, if people’s needs conflict with schedules and rules, they will put people first. Others usually see ENFJs as:

  • Sociable, personable, congenial, and gracious
  • Expressive, responsive, and persuasive

Characteristics of ENFJs

ENFJs base decisions on personal values. They use their Feeling primarily externally radiating warmth and energy. They look for and find the best in others and prize harmony and cooperation. They are warned by approval, responding with energy and devotion, and are especially sensitive to criticism or tensions. ENFJs are likely to be:

  • Warm, compassionate, and supportive
  • Loyal and trustworthy

ENFJs see meanings and connections and can be very insightful about others. They are curious about new ideas and stimulated by possibilities for contributing to the good of humanity. ENFJs are likely to:

  • Be imaginative and creative
  • Like variety and new challenges

ENFJs naturally see the potential for growth in others and devote energy to help others achieve it. They are sensitive facilitators. ENFJs take responsibility for organising interactions of colleagues, friends, or family so that all are involved, harmony prevails, and people have fun.

Potential areas for growth

Sometimes personal circumstances have not supported ENFJs in the development and expression of their Intuitive and Feeling preferences.

If they have not developed their Intuition, ENFJs may not see possibilities, making decisions too quickly without taking in rough information or considering factors beyond their own personal values.

If they have not developed their Feeling, their decisions may be inconsistent and poorly formulated. They may then accept; the judgments of others too readily

If ENFJs do not find a place where they can use their gifts and be appreciated for their contributions, they usually feel frustrated and may:

  • Worry, feel guilty and doubt themselves
  • Become insistent and controlling in their desire for harmony
  • Be overly sensitive to criticism, real or imagined.

It is natural for ENFJs to give less attention to their non-preferred Thinking and Sensing parts. If they neglect these too much, however, they may:

  • Make decisions based solely on personal values when logic is needed also
  • Find it difficult to admit to problems or disagreements with people they care about
  • Overlook details required to realise their ideals

Under great stress, ENFJs may find themselves suddenly and uncharacteristically critical and fault-finding with others. They generally keep these negative opinions to themselves, but they find such thoughts troubling and upsetting.

Where you focus your attention: Extraversion

People who prefer Extraversion tend to focus on the outer world of people and external events and attention outward and receive energy from external events, experiences and interactions.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Extraversion:

  • Attuned to external environment
  • Prefer to communicate by talking
  • Learn best through doing or discussing
  • Breadth of interests
  • Tend to speak first, reflect later
  • Sociable and expressive
  • Take initiative in work and relationships

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Like variety and action.
  • Tend to be faster, dislike complicated procedures.
  • Are often good at greeting people.
  • Are often impatient with long slow jobs.
  • Are interested in the results of their job, in getting it done and in how other people do it.
  • Often do not mind the interruption of answering the telephone, often act quickly, sometimes without thinking.
  • Like to have people around.
  • Usually communicate freely.

How you take in information: iNtuition

People who prefer Intuition like to take in information by seeing the big picture, focusing on the relationship and connections between facts. They want to grasp patterns and are especially good at seeing new possibilities and different ways of doing things.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Intuition:

  • Focus on “big picture” possibilities
  • Value imaginative insight
  • Abstract and theoretical
  • See patterns and meaning in facts
  • Look to the future
  • Jump around, leap in anywhere
  • Trust inspiration

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Like solving new problems.
  • Dislike doing the same thing repeatedly.
  • Enjoy learning a new skill more than using it.
  • Work in bursts of energy powered by enthusiasm, with slack periods in between.
  • Reach a conclusion quickly.
  • Are impatient with routine details.
  • Are patient with complicated situations.
  • Follow their inspirations, good or bad.
  • Frequently make errors of fact.
  • Dislike taking time for precision.

How you make decisions: Feeling

People who prefer to use Feeling in decision making tend to consider what is important to them and to other people. They mentally place themselves in a situation and identify with the people involved so that they can make decisions based on person-centred values. Their goal is harmony and recognition of individuals, and their strengths include understanding, appreciating and supporting others.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Feeling:

  • Sympathetic
  • Assess impact on people
  • Guided by personal values
  • “Tender-hearted”
  • Strive for harmony and individual recognition
  • Compassionate
  • Accepting

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Tend to be very aware of other people and their feelings.
  • Enjoy pleasing people, even in unimportant things.
  • Efficiency may be badly disturbed by office feuds.
  • Often let decisions be influenced by their own or other people’s personal likes and wishes.
  • Need occasional praise.
  • Dislike telling people unpleasant things.
  • Are more people-oriented, respond more easily to people’s values.
  • Tend to be sympathetic.

How you orient toward the outer world: Judging

People who prefer to use their Judging process in the outer world tend to live in a planned, orderly way, wanting to regulate and control life. They make decisions, implement them, and move on. Their lifestyle as structured and organised and they like to have things settled. Sticking to a plan and schedule is very important to them and they enjoy their ability to get things done.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Judging:

  • Scheduled
  • Organised
  • Systematic
  • Methodical
  • Like to Plan
  • Like completion – to have things decided
  • Avoid last minute stresses

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Work best when they can plan their work and follow the plan.
  • Like to get things settled and finished.
  • May decide things too quickly.
  • May dislike to interrupt the project they are on for a more urgent one.
  • May not notice new things that need to be done.
  • Want only the essentials needed to begin their work.
  • Tend to be satisfied once they reach a judgement on a thing, situation, or person.