ENFP: Extraversion, iNtuition, Feeling, Perceiving

At your best

For people with ENFP preferences, life is a creative adventure full of exciting possibilities. They are keenly perceptive about people and insightful about the present and future.

ENFPs experience a wide range of feelings and intense emotions. They need appreciative support from others and readily give it in return.

How others may see you

ENFPs are usually lively, gregarious, and sociable, with a large circle of friends. They are interested in almost everything and bring a zest to life that draws others to them. At the same time, they value depth and authenticity in their close relationships and direct great energy to creating and supporting open and honest communication.

ENFPs hate routine, schedules, and structure and usually manage to avoid them. They are normally verbally fluent, even when extemporising however, when their deepest values need expression, they may suddenly be awkward. Their articulation of their judgements will often come out with great intensity. Others see ENFPs as:

  • Personable, perceptive, and persuasive
  • Enthusiastic, spontaneous, and versatile
  • Giving and seeking affirmation

Characteristics of ENFPs

ENFPs are innovators, initiating projects and directing great energy into getting them under way. Using Intuition primarily externally, they are stimulated by new people, ideas, and experiences. They find meaning and significance readily and see connections that others don’t. They are likely to be:

  • Curious, creative, and imaginative
  • Energetic, enthusiastic, and spontaneous

ENFPs value harmony and goodwill. They like to please others and will adapt to others’ needs and wishes when possible. ENFPs primarily use Feeling internally, making decisions by applying personal values through identification and empathy with others. ENFPs are likely to be:

  • Warm, friendly, and caring
  • Cooperative and supportive

ENFPs have exceptional insight into possibilities in others and the energy to help bring them about.

Potential areas for growth

Sometimes personal circumstances have not supported ENFPs in the development and expression of their Feeling and Intuitive preferences.

  • If they have not developed their Feeling, they may go from enthusiasm to enthusiasm, never committing the energy necessary to actualise their insights, or they may make overly personal decisions
  • If they have not developed their Intuition, they may fail to take in enough information, lack trust in their own insights, be uncertain, and accept others’ perceptions too quickly

If ENFPs do not find a place where they can use their gifts and be appreciated for their contributions, they usually feel frustrated and may:

  • Lose direction, have trouble focusing, be easily distracted
  • Become rebellious, excessively nonconforming
  • Ignore deadlines and procedures

It is natural for ENFPs to give less attention to their non-preferred Sensing and Thinking parts. If they neglect these too much, however, they may:

  • Not take care of the details and routine required for implementing their inspirations
  • Overextend themselves – have trouble saying no to interesting possibilities and people
  • Fail to apply reason and logic to assess their inspirations and decisions

Under great stress, ENFPs may become overwhelmed by detail and lose their normal perspective and sense of options. Then they tend to focus on an unimportant or distorted detail, letting it become the central fact of their universe.

Where you focus your attention: Extraversion

People who prefer Extraversion tend to focus on the outer world of people and external events and attention outward and receive energy from external events, experiences and interactions.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Extraversion:

  • Attuned to external environment
  • Prefer to communicate by talking
  • Learn best through doing or discussing
  • Breadth of interests
  • Tend to speak first, reflect later
  • Sociable and expressive
  • Take initiative in work and relationships

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Like variety and action.
  • Tend to be faster, dislike complicated procedures.
  • Are often good at greeting people.
  • Are often impatient with long slow jobs.
  • Are interested in the results of their job, in getting it done and in how other people do it.
  • Often do not mind the interruption of answering the telephone, often act quickly, sometimes without thinking.
  • Like to have people around.
  • Usually communicate freely.

How you take in information: iNtuition

People who prefer Intuition like to take in information by seeing the big picture, focusing on the relationship and connections between facts.

They want to grasp patterns and are especially good at seeing new possibilities and different ways of doing things.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Intuition:

  • Focus on “big picture” possibilities
  • Value imaginative insight
  • Abstract and theoretical
  • See patterns and meaning in facts
  • Look to the future
  • Jump around, leap in anywhere
  • Trust inspiration

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Like solving new problems.
  • Dislike doing the same thing repeatedly.
  • Enjoy learning a new skill more than using it.
  • Work in bursts of energy powered by enthusiasm, with slack periods in between.
  • Reach a conclusion quickly.
  • Are impatient with routine details.
  • Are patient with complicated situations.
  • Follow their inspirations, good or bad.
  • Frequently make errors of fact.
  • Dislike taking time for precision.

How you make decisions: Feeling

People who prefer to use Feeling in decision making tend to consider what is important to them and to other people. They mentally place themselves in a situation and identify with the people involved so that they can make decisions based on person-centred values.  Their goal is harmony and recognition of individuals, and their strengths include understanding, appreciating and supporting others.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Feeling:

  • Sympathetic
  • Assess impact on people
  • Guided by personal values
  • “Tender-hearted”
  • Strive for harmony and individual recognition
  • Compassionate
  • Accepting

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Tend to be very aware of other people and their feelings.
  • Enjoy pleasing people, even in unimportant things.
  • Like harmony.  Efficiency may be badly disturbed by office feuds.
  • Often let decisions be influenced by their own or other people’s personal likes and wishes.
  • Need occasional praise.
  • Dislike telling people unpleasant things.
  • Are more people-oriented, respond more easily to people’s values.
  • Tend to be sympathetic.

How you orient toward the outer world: Perceiving

People who prefer to use their Perceiving process in the outer world tend to live in a flexible, spontaneous way seeking to experience and understand life, rather than control it. Plans and decisions feel confining to them; they prefer to stay open to experience and last-minute options. They enjoy and trust their resourcefulness and ability to adapt to the demands of a situation.

Characteristics of most people who prefer Perceiving:

  • Spontaneous
  • Open-ended
  • Casual
  • Flexible
  • Adaptable
  • Like things unconstrained and open to change
  • Feel energised by last-minute pressures

Effects of preferences in work situations

  • Adapt well to changing situations.
  • Do not mind leaving things open for alterations.
  • May have trouble making decisions.
  • May start too many projects and have difficulty in finishing them.
  • May postpone unpleasant jobs.
  • Want to know all about a new job.
  • Tend to be curious and welcome new light on a thing, situation, or person.